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Unified Licensing Framework (ULF)

The Authority has adopted a Unified Licensing Framework (ULF) that is technology neutral. Consequently, operators and service providers are licenced under a market structure consisting of the following broad market segments:-

a) International gateway Systems and Services Licence

This licence allows for the establishment and operation of international gateway systems and to provide international gateway services using satellite communication services across the globe or terrestrial systems across contiguous countries.

b) Submarine Cable Landing Rights Licence

This licence allows for the establishment of submarine cables systems for the provision of international connectivity services across the sea.

c) Network Facilities Provider (NFP)

This category of licence allows a licensee to establish and operate communication infrastructure using any form of technology, whether fiber, copper, satellite or microwave systems, for purposes of leasing for use by application service providers to provide services. The resources applicable to this category of licence are the spectrum resources. The category is further divided into 3 subcategories;

i. Network Facilities Provider Tier 1

This licence allows a licensee to deploy communication infrastructure, using any technology, countrywide with the main difference that it allows for a national spectrum reservation and allocation particularly for the mobile services.

ii. Network Facilities Provider Tier 2

This licence category also allows a licensee to deploy communication infrastructure countrywide, using any form of technology, only that spectrum allocation is regional and not national.

iii. Network Facilities Provider Tier 3

This licence allows a licensee to deploy communication infrastructure within a specific region using any form of technology except Satellite Communications because of its borderless nature. Spectrum is also allocated regionally.

d) Application Service Provider

This licence allows a licensee to provide any form of service to end users using the infrastructure leased from any of the above NFP licensee. Such services include but are not limited to voice, data, Internet, mobile virtual network operator, vehicle tracking services etc. The services are all communication services except services that are content in nature. Resources applicable to this licence are numbering resources both for customers and for network nodes

e) Content Service Provider

This licence allows a licensee to provide content related services to end users who are customers of the application service providers. Content service providers use the infrastructure of Network Facilities providers and the Systems of the Application Service Providers to reach their customers. The services offered by content service providers are of information, entertainment, education, health, social etc nature that can either be text, voice, video clips delivered to a customer’s mobile device on request or as subscribed to by the customer.

f) Dot KE Domain Name Registry Services Provider

The dot KE Domain Name Registry services allows a licensee to be the administrative and technical contact for the dot KE domain name registry; administration and maintenance of the dot KE domain name registry, provision of name service for the dot KE domain name registry and provision of a domain registration system for the dot KE Domain Name Registry.

h) Dot KE Subdomain Name Registrars

This licence allows for the provision of registration services for the Dot KE ccTLD subdomain registrar services

i) Telecommunications Contractor Licence

This licence allows for the supply, installation and maintenance of communication infrastructure for third party infrastructure providers like NFPs, IGS, SCLR or private network operators. The Telecommunication contractor does not own the resultant.

j) Telecommunication Technical Personnel Licence

This is a licence issued to an individual deemed to be technically qualified to carry out installation and maintenance of communication infrastructure. The licence categories include Installation (I), Maintenance (M), Internal Wiring (W) and External Wiring (E) issued depending on the level of qualification of the person. Details are available on the application form.

k) Ordinary Communication Vendor Licence

This allows for the supply and maintenance of low power communication devices, mainly end user devices such mobile phones, set top boxes, remote devices, tracking devices etc. The requirements are;

  • A letter signed by company CEO, on company letter-head, asking for authorization to sell low power equipment.
  • The letter must provide contact details such as physical and postal address, telephone numbers, emails etc. for the company.
  • Indicate the type and model of equipment to be sold.
  • Attach company Certificate of Incorporation or registration certificate copy to the letter.
  • Attach copy of the company PIN Certificate

The requirements, applicable fees, and licensing procedure for the above licences are contained in the respective application forms except for the ordinary vendor licence whose requirements are as indicated above.

The telecommunications market structure is below;

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