The Communications Authority of Kenya is mandated to license all broadcasting service providers in accordance with the Kenya Information and Communications (Amendment) Act, 2013.

In accordance with provisions of Section 46C of the Kenya Information and Communications Act, 1998, it is illegal to provide any form of broadcasting service in Kenya without a license. Contravention of this law attracts a fine not exceeding Kshs. 1, 000,000 or imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years or both.

  • Programming Code and Complaints Procedure

    Kenya Information and Communications Act, 1998 vests CA with the responsibility of enforcing a programming code. The Authority engaged stakeholders on the development of a programming code for free to air broadcasting and a complaints handling procedure. The final documents are now completed and should be implemented by the relevant licensees.

    Filename Size
    An Adobe Acrobat file COMPLAINTS HANDLING PROCEDURE FOR BROADCAST CONTENT 300.9 KB
    An Adobe Acrobat file PROGRAMMING CODE FOR FREE TO AIR BROADCASTING - MARCH 2016 478.86 KB

  • Broadcasting Services

    Broadcasting plans are drawn up by different regional conferences to facilitate the use of terrestrial service frequencies by administrations party to these agreements. The broadcasting plans in force applicable to Kenya include:

    • The plan for medium frequency broadcasting in regions 1, 3 and low frequency broadcasting in Region 1, Geneva 1975. This plan is known as GE75 and covers the frequency bands 148.5-283.5 kHz and 526.5-1705 kHz.
    • The plan for the use of band 87.5 – 108 MHz for FM sound broadcasting in Region 1 and part of region 3, Geneva 1984. This plan is commonly known as GE84 Plan.
    • The plan for VHF or UHF analogue television broadcasting in the African broadcasting area and neighbouring countries, Geneva 1989. This plan is known as GE89 Plan and covers the frequency bands 47 –68, 174 – 230, and 470-862 MHz.

    The HF broadcasting (also known as short wave), which has no plan but is covered by article S12 of the Radio Regulations. This service is within the frequency band 5900 – 26100 kHz.

  • Broadcasting Compliance Returns Forms

  • Market Structure

    The Kenya Information and Communications Act, 1998 envisaged a broadcasting market structure consisting of the following license categories:

    • Public Broadcasting Services.
    • Community Broadcasting Services.
    • Private or Commercial Broadcasting Service.
    • Subscription Broadcasting Services.
    • Signal Distribution Services.
    • Any other class of license as may be determined in accordance with the regulations.

    Click to download market structure document

    Filename Size
    An Adobe Acrobat file Broadcast Market Structure and Licence Fees 138.33 KB
    A Microsoft Excel file LIST OF ASSIGNED FM TV BROADCAST FREQUENCIES 114 KB

  • Licensing Procedure

    In accordance with provisions in the Act, license structure for broadcasting services in Kenya is categorized into the following services: -

    • Free to air radio.
    • Free to air television.
    • Subscription radio.
    • Subscription television.
    • Subscription management.
    • Signal distribution.
    • Any other class of license as may be determined in accordance with the regulations.

    Licensing procedures for broadcasting can be downloaded at:

    Filename Size
    An Adobe Acrobat file Procedure For Licensing of Broadcasting Service Providers 83.23 KB

  • Licensing Fees

    Fees for broadcasting services in Kenya are charged according to the license category and the location of service delivery.

    Filename Size
    An Adobe Acrobat file Broadcasting Services Licence Fee Schedule 48.7 KB

  • Application Guidelines

    Licensing of broadcasting services under the new regulatory framework shall commence in two folds;

    a)      The principle of first come first served will apply to all broadcasting service licences which do not require assignment of the frequency resource (such as cable TV, subscription management, landing rights, etc.) 

    b)      Broadcasting services requiring frequency spectrum resource shall require the available frequencies to be first identified by the Authority; and then advertised publicly (in whole or in batches) for interested parties to apply for the licence(s). In this case, applications not responding to such adverts/notices shall not be considered.

    For frequency based broadcasting services, the Authority shall publish the list of available frequencies / channels in at least one print media in Kenya and on the CA website informing interested applicants to apply for provision of the identified broadcasting service (s). Such publication shall be the trigger point for interested applicants to submit application for specific licenses within the time frame specified. 

    Filename Size
    An Adobe Acrobat file Evaluation criteria for processing of applications for broadcasting service categories that do not require frequency spectrum 250.53 KB

  • Broadcasting Application Forms

  • Licensee Register

  • Transmitter Sites

    Designated Broadcast Transmitter Sites

    SITE NAME

    LONGITUDE

    LATITUDE

    SERVICE

    CHERANGANI HILLS

    35° 30' 26" E

    01° 20' 05" N

    TV

    DADAAB

    40° 17' 06" E

    00° 02' 04" N

    TV

    DIF

    40° 56' 41" E

    01° 00' 24" N

    TV

    EL WAK

    40° 55' 34" E

    02° 49' 50" N

    TV/FM

    ELDORET (Siani)

    35° 19' 05" E

    00° 30' 35" N

    TV/FM

    GARBA TULA

    38° 30' 38" E

    00° 31' 39" N

    TV

    GARISSA

    39° 32' 06" E

    00° 28' 02" S

    TV/FM

    GARSEN

    40° 06' 42" E

    02° 16' 28" S

    TV

    HABASWEIN

    39° 31' 24" E

    00° 59' 04" N

    TV

    HOLA

    39° 57' 37" E

    01° 29' 01" S

    TV/FM

    HOMABAY

    34° 32' 17" E

    00° 25' 01" S

    TV

    IJARA

    40° 35' 15" E

    01° 38' 07" S

    TV

    KABARNET

    35° 49' 55" E

    00° 40' 02" N

    TV

    KACHEKAKINEI

    35° 15' 56" E

    04° 48' 49" N

    TV

    KAKAMEGA

    34° 45' 38" E

    00° 25' 05" N

    TV

    KAKYA

    39° 02' 17" E

    01° 37' 01" S

    TV

    KAPENGURIA

    35° 06' 39" E

    01° 17' 44" N

    TV/FM

    KARUNGU BAY

    34° 15' 00" E

    00° 50' 36" S

    TV

    KEEKOROK

    35° 25' 15" E

    01° 36' 07" S

    TV

    KERICHO

    35° 18' 45" E

    00° 19' 37" S

    TV

    KISII (Nyangururu)

    34° 46' 06" E

    00° 42' 49" S

    TV/FM

    KISUMU (Kiboswa)

    34° 49' 30" E

    00° 01' 13" S

    TV/FM

    KITUI

    38° 04' 05" E

    01° 18' 37" S

    TV/FM

    KIUNGA

    41° 28' 55" E

    01° 44' 04" S

    TV

    LAMU

    40° 50' 23" E

    02° 17' 10" S

    TV/FM

    LIBOI

    40° 53' 49" E

    00° 19' 38" N

    TV

    LIMURU

    36° 38' 36" E

    01° 08' 12" S

    TV/FM

    LODWAR

    35° 32' 00" E

    03° 12' 42" N

    TV/FM

    LOKICHAR

    35° 36' 53" E

    02° 21' 52" N

    TV/FM

    LOKICHOKIO

    34° 22' 05" E

    04° 14' 25" N

    TV/FM

    LOKITAUNG

    35° 45' 36" E

    04° 17' 04" N

    TV/FM

    LOKORI

    36° 04' 24" E

    01° 56' 14" N

    TV

    LOYANGALANI

    36° 47' 01" E

    02° 44' 52" N

    TV/FM

    MADO GASHE

    39° 11' 53" E

    00° 41' 58" N

    TV/FM

    MAGADI

    36° 18' 35" E

    01° 50' 21" S

    TV

    MALINDI

    40° 07' 50" E

    03° 06' 39" S

    TV/FM

    MANDERA

    41° 44' 04" E

    03° 53' 32" N

    TV/FM

    MARARAL

    36° 44' 01" E

    01° 09' 10" N

    TV/FM

    MARSABIT

    37° 57' 56" E

    02° 19' 29" N

    TV/FM

    MAZERAS

    39° 34' 25" E

    03° 57' 32" S

    TV/FM

    MBUINZAU

    37° 54' 30" E

    02° 21' 52" S

    TV/FM

    MOYALE

    39° 00' 53" E

    03° 30' 04" N

    TV/FM

    MT.ELGON

    34° 42' 16" E

    00° 50' 01" N

    TV

    NAKURU (Menengai Hill)

    36° 05' 09" E

    00° 14' 58" S

    TV/FM

    NAMANGA

    36° 51' 18" E

    02° 29' 57" S

    TV

    NANYUKI

    37° 06' 25" E

    00° 10' 59" N

    TV

    NAROK

    35° 56' 18" E

    01° 00' 02" S

    TV/FM

    NORTH HORR

    36° 57' 39" E

    03° 22' 01" N

    TV

    NYAHURURU

    36° 15' 17" E

    00° 12' 25" N

    TV

    NYAMBENE HILL

    37° 52' 50" E

    00° 14' 04" N

    TV/FM

    NYERI HILL

    36° 53' 58" E

    00° 24' 50" S

    TV/FM

    OLOITOKITOK

    37° 30' 13" E

    02° 55' 00" S

    TV

    RHAMU

    41° 14' 58" E

    03° 54' 33" N

    TV

    SIAYA

    34° 20' 05" E

    00° 05' 03" S

    TV

    TAKABA

    40° 11' 04" E

    03° 23' 00" N

    TV

    TIMBOROA

    35° 31' 11" E

    00° 00' 28" N

    TV/FM

    VURIA HILL

    38° 18' 18" E

    03° 24' 25" S

    TV/FM

    WAJIR

    40° 03' 07" E

    01° 46' 24" N

    TV/FM

    WEBUYE

    34° 46' 34" E

    00° 36' 02" N

    TV/FM

  • FAQs

    • What is the role of CA in regulating Broadcasting Services?

      The Communications Authority of Kenya (CA) is mandated by the Kenya Information and Communications Act, 1998 and as amended by the Kenya Information and Communications Act, 2013 to be the body which regulates broadcasting services in Kenya. This includes licensing of broadcasting services and regulating the content that is transmitted over broadcasting networks.
    • Who can apply for a broadcasting licence?

      Any person(s) or company, society, and partnerships registered in Kenya can apply for a licence. However, political parties, movements and human right activists are not eligible for a broadcasting licence.
    • Can I operate broadcasting services without a licence?

      The Act prohibits anyone from providing broadcasting services without the requisite valid licence. Anyone who contravenes this requirement is liable to fine not exceeding one million shillings, or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years, or both.
    • When can I apply for the licence?

      The Authority will from time to time call for broadcasting licence applications and depending on availability of broadcasting resources, i.e frequency spectrum and TV channels.
    • What are designated broadcasting sites in Kenya?

      Designated broadcasting sites are locations where broadcasting transmitters can be located. For TV services, the designated broadcasting sites and for FM broadcasting services. Community broadcasting services are broadcast on location thus they do not need to be located on a designated broadcasting site.
    • What are the applicable broadcasting licence fees in Kenya?

      There are a variety of fees chargeable broadcasters depending on the market segment they fall under. These fees include among others licence application fee, annual operating fees, frequency fees (where applicable).To see complete fee schedule for broadcasting please click to follow this link: Broadcasting.
    • What are the application requirements for a broadcasting licence in Kenya?

      Applicants are required to submit a duly complete application form for service licence they have applied for. For more information, the application guidelines shall be availed on the available at the link Broadcasting.Pay to the Authority the requisite application fee for the service they have applied for.
    • What are the categories of broadcasting licences in Kenya?

      • Public Broadcasting (KBC is the only designated public broadcaster)
      • Commercial/Private broadcasting service
      • Community Broadcasting services
    • What is digital migration?

      This is the transition from analogue Television broadcasting services to digital television broadcasting services. For the moment the transition will only involve terrestrial over the Air broadcasting services. The international deadline for this process is 17th June 2015.
    • How do I file a complaint regarding a broadcast service?

      Any aggrieved party has to first file their complaint with the offending party within 30 days from the date of broadcast which is the subject of the complaint and if he broadcaster takes no remedial actionwithin 45 days of submitting the complaint, or in case you are not satisfied with the response of the broadcaster, then within 14 days of the final response you may escalate the complaint to the Communications Authority of Kenya for further action.